The Reformer as it is commonly known, is the most famous piece of Pilates equipment.
The frame, called the ‘carriage’, moves around on wheels and is attached to one end by a set of springs. It is these springs that provide resistance as the platform is moved. There is also a footbar and long straps, which can be used by the legs and arms, and shoulder blocks for stopping the user falling off when working out.
The reformer machine can be used in many ways to benefit strength, flexibility and balance. The majority of the exercises involve pushing or pulling the platform against the spring resistance and controlling the movement back, or holding it in place. This can be done by either sitting, standing, upside down and using all the different elements of the reformer.
You can do a lot more using the reformer machine than you can on the mat. The reformer can create resistance or instability, or both, to make exercises easier or harder in a way that the mat can’t.